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The Military Order of Christ. Grand Cross Star 1 Model

Product No.:
PG-021
Shippingtime:
1 Week 1 Week
Stock:
1 pieces
1.200,00 EUR
VAT exempt according to current tax regulations excl. Shipping costs

The Military Order of Christ. Grand Cross Star
Number of awards: RR
manufactured: _________

Product Code:

PG-021

Grade:

Grand Cross

Constitutor: King Denis I
Foundation date: 1319
Year award: 1850-1910
Fabricator: G.Wolfers & Pils Bruxelles
Origin / Provenance: -
Material: Silbe + Gold + Emaille
Weight in (g). 59,6
Size in (mm). 79,5 x 86,9
Condition: II

For the Brazilian branch of the order, see Order of Christ (Brazil). For the Papal branch of the order, see Supreme Order of Christ.The Military Order of Christ (Ordem Militar de Cristo) previously the Order of the Knights of Our Lord Jesus Christ (Ordem dos Cavaleiros de Nosso Senhor Jesus Cristo) was the former Knights Templar order in Portugal, after the suppression of the Templars in 1312, by direct order of the Pope Clement V. It was founded in 1318, with the protection of the Portuguese King Dinis I, who refused to pursue and persecute the former knights as had occurred in all the other sovereign states under the Catholic Church influence.

Under heavy influence from Philip IV of France, Pope Clement V had the Knights Templar annihilated throughout France and most of Europe on charges of heresy, but King Denis of Portugal re-instituted the Templars of Tomar as the Order of Christ, largely for their aid during the Reconquista and in the reconstruction of Portugal after the wars. King Denis negotiated with Pope Clement's successor John XXII for the new order's recognition and right to inherit the Templar assets and property.

History

Main article: History of the Order of Christ

The order's origins lie in the Knights Templar, founded circa 1118. The knights saw their persecution by the King of France and eventual disbandment by the Pope in 1312. With this, the King Dinis I of Portugal created the Order of Christ in 1317 for the knights that were able to survive their mass slaughter throughout Europe. In Portugal, the order saw great riches and importance within the Age of Discoveries.

In 1789, the Queen Maria I of Portugal secularized the order. In 1910, with the end of the Portuguese monarchy, the order was extinguished. However, in 1917, the order was revived and the Grand-Master of the Order was to be the President of Portugal. The Military Order of Christ, together with the Military Orders of Aviz and of St. James of the Sword form the group of the "Ancient Military Orders", governed by a Chancellor and a Council of eight members, appointed by the President of the Republic, to assist him as Grand Master in all matters concerning the administration of the Order. The Order, despite its name, can be conferred on civilians and on military, Portuguese and foreigners, for outstanding services to the Republic, in parliament, in the government, in the diplomatic service, in the Courts of Justice, on public authorities or on the Civil Service.

Grades and Badges

The Order of Christ, as awarded by the Portuguese government today, comes in five classes:

•           Grand Cross (GCC), which wears the badge of the Order on a sash on the right shoulder, and the star of the Order in gold on the left chest;
•           Grand Officer (GOC), which wears the badge of the Order on a necklet, and the star of the Order in gold on the left chest;
•           Commander (ComC), which wears the badge of the Order on a necklet, and the star of the Order in silver on the left chest;
•           Officer (OC), which wears the badge of the Order on a ribbon with rosette on the left chest;
•           Knight (CavC) or Dame (DamC), which wears the badge of the Order on a plain ribbon on the left chest.

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